U.S. to face differences with China head on at talks next week

Reuters News
Posted: Jun 18, 2015 2:38 PM

By David Brunnstrom and Idrees Ali

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The United States said on Thursday it would not "paper over" differences between the United States and China when top officials of the world's two largest economies meet to discuss financial and political strategy in Washington next week.

Daniel Russel, assistant secretary of state for East Asia and the Pacific, set the scene for contentious exchanges at the annual U.S.-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue (S&ED) by stressing that differences over the South China Sea, cyber security and human rights would be high on the U.S. agenda.

Speaking after revelations of massive cyber attacks on U.S. government computers in the past two weeks, which U.S. officials have blamed on Chinese hackers, Russel said cyber security issues would be raised throughout four days of talks starting Monday in Washington.

The United States would also stress human rights, including the issue of democracy in Hong Kong, China's "very problematic" law on NGOs, and its restrictions on media and civil society, he told a media briefing.

Russel said maritime disputes in the South China Sea were "not fundamentally" between the United States and China and the United States had "an unwavering determination ... to avoid military confrontation, including with China."

However, he said the principles of freedom of navigation and overflight were at stake and maritime claims had to be consistent with international law.

"It's an issue of China's future and of China's choices,” Russel said.

He called this week's announcement by China that it planned to continue and expand the construction of facilities on reclaimed outposts in disputed waters troubling."

"Neither that statement, nor that behavior, contributes to reducing tensions ... We consistently urge China to cease reclamation to not construct further facilities and certainly not to further militarize outposts in the South China Sea," Russel said.

The U.S.-China dialogue was established in 2009 as a way to maintain practical cooperation between the two nations in spite of differences. It will be chaired on the U.S. side by Secretary of State John Kerry and Treasury Secretary Jack Lew, while China's delegation will be led by State Councillor Yang Jiechi and Vice Premier Wang Yang.

This year's meeting comes amid heightened tensions, not just over Beijing's increased territorial assertiveness and the allegations of cyber spying, but China's expanding economic influence across the Pacific Rim at a time of growing doubts over U.S. leadership.

China has indicated a desire to avoid acrimony at the talks, looking to set the scene for a successful visit to Washington by Chinese President Xi Jinping in September.

(Reporting by David Brunnstrom; Editing by Alan Crosby)