By Frank Jack Daniel and Ranga Sirilal
COLOMBO (Reuters) - Pope Francis arrives in Sri Lanka on Tuesday for a visit expected to add to a new harmonious atmosphere in the Buddhist-majority nation that last week elected a government promising increased respect for long-suffering religious minorities.
The visit to Sri Lanka is the first leg of a Jan. 12-19 tour that also takes in the Philippines and is the Pope's second Asian excursion, part of his outreach aimed at shoring-up the Church's presence in developing nations.
Francis is the first Pope to visit Sri Lanka since the 2009 end of a bitter civil war that pitted mostly Hindu Tamils from the north against the majority Sinhala population, and his visit coincides with an election that defeated the wartime leadership.
Before his departure on Monday, Francis said the visit reflected his "interest and pastoral concern" for the people of the region.
"To them and to their governments, I wish to voice yet again the desire of the Holy See to offer its own contribution of service to the common good, to harmony and social concord," he told diplomats at the Vatican.
President Maithripala Sirisena, who took office on Friday, has promised to end a period of growing repression of religious minorities under the defeated government that saw rising Buddhist violence against Muslims.
The decade-long rule of former President Mahinda Rajapaksa also witnessed isolated attacks led by hardline Buddhist monks against churches and other Christian centers. Catholics make up about 7 percent of the population.
The Pope's visit will cap a historic week for the Indian Ocean island nation, especially for Catholic Sri Lankans who were already celebrating the demise of a government they viewed as antagonistic and increasingly authoritarian.
"We are blessed to see the representative of God visiting Sri Lanka. This is a good opportunity to show that Sri Lanka is not a Buddhist extremist country, which was proven in last week's election," said government employee H. Mendis, 49.
Not everybody is pleased about the Pope's visit, with some nationalists close to the last government demanding that Francis apologize for alleged abuses at the hands of Portuguese colonialists.
Francis will canonize Joseph Vaz, who re-established the Church in Sri Lanka in the 17th century after it was crushed by Dutch Calvinists. He will also visit Madhu, the main Catholic pilgrimage site in Sri Lanka.
Madhu is in a region that saw some of the fiercest fighting in the war and that is still rarely visited by senior foreign dignitaries, despite rapid peacetime redevelopment.
(Additional reporting by Shihar Aneez in Colombo and Philip Pullela in Rome; Editing by Jeremy Laurence)