DOHA, Qatar (AP) — The government of Qatar, the Gulf nation that will host the 2022 World Cup, said Wednesday it is introducing a draft law that could eventually end a controversial employee sponsorship system that ties expatriate workers to a single employer.
The move comes amid increased scrutiny over labor rights in the OPEC nation. Human rights advocates have urged Qatar to scrap the sponsorship system, saying it leaves workers open to exploitation and abuse.
Qatari officials announced the proposed change at a press conference in the capital, Doha, called to outline plans for a wider labor reform plan.
Expatriates make up the bulk of the workforce in Qatar. Their employment and legal residency in the country is typically dependent on sponsorship by a particular employer, who must also consent to employees' desire to leave the country or to change jobs.
Similar sponsorship systems are in place across the oil-rich Gulf Arab states, which rely heavily on Asian and other migrant workers. Not all require expatriates to get exit clearance before leaving as Qatar does, but allegations of employers illegally withholding low-wage workers' passports are common throughout the region.
Under the new proposal, workers in Qatar would automatically receive exit permission from the Interior Ministry 72 hours before their scheduled departure. The current system requiring workers to get their company's consent before changing employers would be replaced by employment contracts, though there would still be limits on how soon they could leave, according to a document outlining the proposed changes.
The new measures, which have the backing of the Cabinet, must still be approved by the Shura council, a consultative body, and other entities.
Officials gave no timeframe for when the new policies might be implemented.
Brig. Mohammed Ahmed al-Atiq, the assistant director of the Interior Ministry's directorate of border, passport and expatriate affairs, said all foreign workers would be covered by the new measures, including domestic servants and government employees.