By Tiemoko Diallo
BAMAKO (Reuters) - French air strikes in the mountains of northern Mali have killed Islamist militant Oumar Ould Hamaha, a jihadist with a $3 million U.S. government bounty on his head, a Malian military source said on Friday.
Hamaha, known as 'Red Beard' because of his henna-dyed whiskers, became a leading figure in the Islamist coalition that seized control of northern Mali in April 2012 after drifting among armed Muslim groups in the Sahara over the last decade.
A French-led military offensive launched in January 2013 broke the grip of the al Qaeda-linked militants over northern Mali, but small pockets of Islamists have continued to operate in the vast desert region.
The Malian military source said Hamaha was reported killed in the Tigharghar mountains in northeastern Mali near the remote town of Kidal.
"This is what intelligence services told us yesterday. He was killed by French air strikes in the Tigharghar," the source said.
Hamaha was a long-standing member of al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), the group's North African arm, and a close associate of veteran Algerian jihadist Mokhtar Belmokhtar.
According to the bounty offered under the U.S. State Department's 'Rewards for Justice' program, Hamaha had participated in the kidnapping and ransom of several foreigners, including Canadian diplomat Robert Fowler from Niger in 2008.
During the Islamists' 10-month rule over northern Mali, Hamaha became a spokesman for the Movement for Unity and Jihad in the Islamic Maghreb (MUJWA) that imposed strict sharia law in his hometown of Timbuktu. Militants there cut the hands off thieves and flogged women for dressing immodestly.
He vocally defended the Islamists' destruction of the ancient caravan town's historic mausoleums, sacred to followers of Sufi Islam and part of a UNESCO World Heritage site.
France is winding down its troop presence in Mali as a 12,000-strong U.N. mission slowly comes up to full strength.
Paris still has about 1,600 troops in Mali trying to mop up Islamist cells in the north. It has said it will redeploy its forces across the region to counter Islamist militancy.
Paris said last week its forces had killed 10 suspected Islamist fighters in the northern Adrar des Ifoghas mountains, after the group was spotted by a U.S.-made Reaper surveillance drone acquired by the French military last year.
(Reporting by Tiemoko Diallo; Writing by Daniel Flynn; Editing by Tom Heneghan)