By Alexandra Valencia
QUITO (Reuters) - Ecuador's opposition won control of the capital Quito and one other major city in the oil-producing Andean nation in elections on Sunday, preliminary results showed, in a blow to the socialist government of President Rafael Correa.
Opposition candidates won elections to run the local governments of the capital Quito and industrial city Cuenca, and maintained control of the economic capital and port city of Guayaquil in an unsettling result for the government.
"Quito is an important setback for the Citizen's Revolution because it is important for stability," Correa, speaking to reporters at the headquarters of his Alianza Pais or Country Alliance party, said in reference to his socialist political project for the country.
Correa said the loss of Quito could make the country "ungovernable" and accused associates of the winner, Mauricio Rodas, of links with the "fascist right" wing in Venezuela, saying they were "counting the days for the government to fall".
Venezuela has been shaken by a fortnight of violent opposition protests over inflation, crime and economic shortages that its socialist President Nicolas Maduro has blamed on "fascists" seeking a coup with the backing of the United States.
But analysts say the defeat reflects dissatisfaction among the electorate over the Correa administration's perceived interference in local government and over his harsh criticism of opponents during the campaign.
Ecuador is the smallest member of the OPEC group of oil producing nations, with output averaging 520,000 barrels per day in January.
Former presidential candidate and lawyer Mauricio Rodas, 38, was elected mayor of Quito with 58.9 percent of the vote and Jaime Nebot secured re-election in Guayaquil with 57.5 percent of votes counted by late on Sunday, according to the National Electoral Council.
In the industrial city of Cuenca, Mauricio Cabrera had won 44.4 percent of votes, it said.
Correa said his movement had won the majority of city halls in the provinces but appeared to acknowledge the losses in the three biggest cities as a rebuke by the electorate.
"The biggest mistake we can make is believing that everything is won. It's good that they gave us this shake-up so that it is known that nothing is yet irreversible and this is the revolution's big challenge," said Correa, who had appeared prominently in the campaign to support his party's candidates.
But that failed to ensure re-election for outgoing Quito mayor Barrero whose management of the city steadily lost him popularity.
The elections were disputed by 5,651 candidates for the posts of prefect or governor, mayor or council member.
Correa had warned in the run-up to the elections that defeat in the capital city could make it harder to govern if opposition leaders used their power to destabilize the country, a "tactic" he said was behind the protests in Venezuela.
Incoming Quito mayor Rodas denied he would seek to use his post to destabilize the government and said he would focus on working for the good of the city.
Guayaquil victor Nebot, who has frequently clashed with Correa over projects to develop the city, in turn warned Correa to avoid meddling in local government.
"Never will I interfere with (Correa's) functions because I'm a democrat. Don't interfere with mine," he said.
(Additional reporting by Jose Llangari; Writing by Peter Murphy; Editing by Chizu Nomiyama)