DHAKA, Bangladesh (AP) — Bangladesh's Supreme Court on Tuesday sentenced a leader of an opposition political party to death for committing crimes against humanity during the nation's 1971 independence war against Pakistan.
The Jamaat-e-Islami party leader, Abdul Quader Mollah, was found guilty by a special war crimes tribunal in February and sentenced to life in prison. That sentence was appealed by both the defense and prosecution.
On Tuesday, a five-member panel headed by Chief Justice M. Muzammel Hossain ruled that Mollah be put to death for his role during the war. The panel found him guilty of ordering the killing of a family of four during a Pakistani army crackdown in Dhaka in March 1971.
Attorney-General Mahbubey Alam said the verdict was final, with no option for another appeal through the courts. He said Mollah's family can seek presidential clemency.
Defense counsel Abdur Razzaq said they were "stunned" by the decision.
Hours after the verdict, Mollah's party said it would enforce a 48-hour general strike beginning Wednesday across the country to denounce the ruling. Somoy TV station reported that activists from Jamaat-e-Islami's student wing had torched a police car and smashed several cars in the southeastern city of Chittagong to protest the verdict. No injuries were reported.
Other TV stations reported clashes between Jamaat-e-Islami activists and police in the capital, Dhaka, and in several other towns. Scores were injured in those clashes. In Dhaka, police detained at least five activists from the party when they clashed with security officials, Bangla Vision TV station said.
The ruling Awami League and its allies welcomed the verdict.
Mollah and his supporters say the case against him is politically motivated. Mollah's party is an ally of the country's main opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party headed by former Prime Minister Khaleda Zia, a rival of current Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina.
Hasina formed the special tribunal in 2010 to try war crimes suspects. Bangladesh says Pakistani soldiers, aided by local collaborators, killed 3 million people and raped 200,000 women during the nine-month war.
Zia has accused the government of using trials to weaken the opposition. The government denies the allegation and says it won power in 2008 with an election pledge to prosecute war crimes suspects.
Several other top leaders of Jamaat-e-Islami have been convicted of similar charges.
The government says the trials are being held at an international standard, but New York-based Human Rights Watch has raised questions about the impartiality of the tribunal.
The earlier sentence against Mollah led to protests across the country by his supporters as well as those who said the sentence was too lenient.