TAIPEI, Taiwan (AP) — The shooting death of a Taiwanese fisherman by the Philippine coast guard has become the latest incident to roil tensions over territorial disputes in and around the South China Sea, with Taipei calling Friday for Manila to apologize for the shooting.
Taiwan said that the Philippine Coast Guard opened fire Thursday on a 65-year-old fisherman in waters claimed by both governments. The Philippines acknowledged the Taiwanese claim, but said its personnel were acting in self-defense.
Meanwhile, China sought to make common cause with Taiwan against Manila, deploring the shooting in harsh rhetoric that threatened to spark another diplomatic tussle between Beijing and the Philippines, a key U.S. ally in one of Asia's most contentious areas.
The United States declined to criticize the Philippines, saying it would await the "full and transparent" investigation promised by Manila before it makes further judgment. State Department spokesman Patrick Ventrell urged all parties to ensure maritime safety and refrain from actions that could escalate tensions.
Speaking to reporters in Taipei, Foreign Minister David Lin blamed the Philippine coast guard for opening fire on the fisherman's boat, the Kuang Ta Hsing No. 28, on Thursday, from a vessel belonging to the fisheries department of the Philippines Department of Agriculture in the Bashi Strait, about midway between southern Taiwan and the northern Philippines.
"We strongly condemn the fatal shooting of a Taiwanese fisherman by the Philippine fishery department," Lin said. "We urge the Philippine government to open a full investigation on this case and send their apology to Taiwan's government."
Also on Friday, China expressed its condemnation of the incident, insisting it was holding the Philippines accountable for what happened.
"We strongly condemn the barbaric shooting and killing of the Taiwanese fisherman, demanding the Philippines should investigate the case and furnish the details as soon as possible," said Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying. "We are deeply grieved about the death of the Taiwanese compatriot and have sent condolences to his family."
Taiwan and China split amid civil war in 1949 and Beijing continues to claim the democratic island as part of its territory. In recent months it has made repeated attempts to bring Taiwan onto its side in its maritime disputes with Japan and other countries in the region. Taiwan has so far resisted, reflecting its own claims of national sovereignty.
Underscoring China's interest in playing the incident up, government channel CCTV led its noontime news on Friday with an emotional report on the death of the Taiwanese fisherman, and the Communist Party-controlled Global Times newspaper called on the Chinese navy to increase its presence in the South China Sea, amid angry condemnations of the Philippines as a "savage" country.
Taiwan's freewheeling media also gave prominent attention to the incident, with newspapers reporting it in banner headlines and cable TV news stations giving it round the clock coverage.
In Manila, the Philippine coast guard acknowledged that its personnel had opened fire on the Taiwanese boat, but said they acted in self-defense.
"They were forced to fire the shots because the fishing vessel attempted to ram them," said coast guard chief Rear Adm. Rodolfo Isorena.
Isorena said an investigation into the incident was being launched.
Relations between the Philippines and China, already hampered by simmering tensions over the Spratly Islands, deteriorated sharply last year when Chinese maritime vessels took control of a disputed shoal in the South China Sea.
The Philippines has turned to its American ally to beef up its dilapidated military assets and train its forces, and angered Beijing by seeking U.N. arbitration on South China Sea disputes.
Associated Press writers Christopher Bodeen in Beijing, Hrvoje Hranjski and Oliver Teves in Manila, Philippines, and Matthew Pennington in Washington contributed to this report.