BRUSSELS (AP) — The European Union on Thursday predicted the region's economy will grow at "a modest pace" next year thanks to cheap energy and central bank stimulus, but remains hampered by low investment and high debt.
In an official forecast, European Commissioner Pierre Moscovici warned of uneven improvements across the 28 member states but said that for 2016, the EU economies will "see growth rising and unemployment and fiscal deficits falling."
The recovery is being supported by several temporary factors, including low oil prices, the euro's drop in currency markets — which helps exporters — and monetary stimulus from the European Central Bank.
Moscovici noted the global economic outlook remains uncertain, meaning EU nations should not to let up in their efforts to reform their economies.
The 19-nation eurozone is expected to see its economy grow by 1.6 percent this year, 1.8 percent next year and 1.9 percent in 2017. In its spring forecast, those estimations still stood at 1.5 percent for this year and 1.9 percent for next year.
The 28-nation bloc, which includes non-euro nations like Britain, is expected to see growth of 1.9 percent, 2.0 percent and 2.1 percent over the same periods.
The economy of Greece, which received a new three-year bailout program, is forecast to shrink by 1.4 percent this year and 1.3 percent in 2016, before growing 2.7 percent the following year.
In contrast, Ireland, which also needed a bailout during the financial crisis, is expected to see growth of 6 percent this year, the highest rate in the EU. Its economy is expected to grow 4.5 percent and 3.5 percent in the two coming years.
Greece is predicted to have the highest unemployment rates, with 25.7 percent this year easing only slightly to 24.4 percent by 2017.
Overall in the EU, "unemployment will continue to fall while remaining too high," Moscovici said. Eurozone unemployment is forecast to ease from 11 percent this year to 10.3 percent in 2017. For the EU, joblessness is predicted to fall from 9.5 percent this year to 8.9 percent in 2017.