LOS ANGELES (AP) — Signs that pay TV's pricy bundles of channels are starting to unravel finally took a toll on major media companies.
Media stocks were hammered for a second day Thursday as Viacom's underwhelming earnings gave investors another reason to sell, after industry bellwether Disney earlier in the week trimmed a profit outlook due to more people cutting the cord on pay-TV packages.
While there have long been signs consumers love online video distributors like Netflix, Hulu and Amazon, it's the first time that signs of trouble for the traditional cable and satellite TV business have sent such a powerful shudder through the stock market.
Disney's stock dropped 11 percent since Tuesday, when it reported that it was trimming its forecast for TV subscriber-fee profit growth through next year because of subscriber losses at its flagship ESPN sports network.
Over two days, Viacom fell 21 percent, Time Warner dropped 10 percent, Discovery Communications slumped 9 percent, Twenty-First Century Fox fell 13 percent and Comcast fell 6 percent. CBS was down just 1 percent after mostly recovering from a slump on Wednesday.
"Questions around the death of pay TV are now front and center even if the size and pace of declines are likely being overstated by press and Street commentary," wrote analyst Michael Nathanson of MoffettNathanson Research.
Dish said Wednesday its satellite TV subscriber losses accelerated in the quarter through June, falling 81,000 to 13.9 million, nearly double the loss of 44,000 a year ago.
Viacom Inc., which owns Comedy Central and Nickelodeon, reported Thursday that its profit fell in the most recent quarter. While that is largely due to a lack of big films this year, there have been questions about how it will handle a shift in how people consume media. Its shares have fallen 41 percent this year.
"There is no question that our industry is in the midst of significant change," Viacom CEO Philippe Dauman told investors Thursday.
Analysts say that popular channels like ESPN would likely survive any dramatic shift in consumer preference toward online channel packages like Sling TV, which at $20 a month, is far cheaper than traditional pay TV packages.
The question, wrote analyst Martin Pyykkonen of Rosenblatt Securities, is "whether the revenue substitution from skinnier bundles and/or a la carte channel plans will at least approximate the traditional cable bundle revenue over time."
Disney's profit-forecast cut suggested otherwise.
Walt Disney Co. CEO Bob Iger told analysts Tuesday that while the company is proactive in supplying ESPN to small online packages like Sling TV, "we don't think right now it's the greatest opportunity."
Iger said he didn't see "dramatic declines" in pay TV packages like those offered by DirecTV, Comcast and others "over the next, say, five years or so." He said he would contemplate options for ESPN if the traditional pay TV universe continued to shrink, "like going direct to consumers."
In the meantime, it was unclear whether individual channels and skinny channel bundles were succeeding.
Time Warner Inc. said Wednesday that its HBO Now app was the top-grossing app in Apple's iTunes store in May and June following its debut in April, and it was investing more in programming.
HBO chief Richard Plepler tried to allay fears that the single channel offering was causing people to drop bigger TV packages.
"We have seen less than 1 percent of HBO subs leave the bundle to go get HBO Now, which is exactly what we suspected was going to happen," he said. "We feel very good about it and we think HBO Now will be very profitable in the coming quarters."
The comments didn't generate overwhelming enthusiasm on Wall Street.
"The take rate is encouraging but I think it's still early," said Vasily Karasyov, senior research analyst with CLSA Americas. "You have to see conversion from free trial to full pay subscription and so on."
Meanwhile, CBS Corp. CEO Les Moonves was upbeat Wednesday about CBS's go-it-alone online channels called CBS All-Access, which provides CBS content for $6 a month, and Showtime, with original shows and movies for $11 a month.
Not only are its online audiences younger — and therefore more valuable — but it is getting paid more for each subscriber than through traditional distributors, making any shift a benefit.
"Each of these deals resets the value of our content higher than it was before," he said.