Egypt's benchmark stock index fell slightly on Sunday, weighed down by investor unease after the storming of Israel's embassy and protests in Cairo over the weekend. Inflation, meanwhile, eased in August to 8.5 percent on a slower increase in food prices.
The Egyptian Exchange's EGX30 index closed almost 1.2 weaker, at 4,698 points the first day of the trading week. The index's year-to-date losses are at about 34 percent.
"To be honest, we were expecting a lot worse than this _ maybe a fall of 3 to 4 percent," said Khaled Naga, a senior broker with Mega Investments. "Even so, I'm not recommending anyone buy at this time. ... There could still be a lot of problems cropping up this week."
But in a measure of good news, the government's statistical arm announced Saturday that annual urban inflation had dropped to 8.5 percent in August, from 10.4 percent in July. The decline came as food inflation, which accounts for over 40 percent of the consumer price index, increased at a slower pace in the month _ 12.2 percent compared with 16.7 percent the prior month.
Food inflation, in particular, was seen as one of the factors that fueled Egyptians' frustrations ahead of the Jan. 25 revolution, and a decline in that key figure could help ease some of the economic pressure the country's more than 80 million citizens feel daily.
In addition, Suez Canal revenues, a key source of foreign income for the government, climbed to $472.9 million in August, gaining 7.9 percent on the same month in 2010 and hitting a roughly three-year high, government figures showed.
Analysts warned that Egypt still faced major pressures in trying to retrench and rebuild its economy, which recorded GDP growth of 1.8 percent in the 2010-2011 fiscal year. Before the Jan. 25 uprising, economic growth had been projected at nearly 6 percent.
London-based Capital Economics, which is forecasting that GDP will contract by 1 percent in the current fiscal year, said in a recent research note that given the current global economic climate, "it is too early to expect a rapid recovery."
In a reflection of the difficulty Egyptian officials have faced, the country's net international reserves have slipped to slightly more than $25 billion, roughly $11 billion below their December 2010 levels. The slide, in part, is linked to efforts to support the Egyptian currency.
The storming of the Israeli Embassy over the weekend was the most serious challenge to relations between the two countries since the signing of their peace treaty in 1979. An angry mob, for hours, laid siege to the embassy, trapping six Israeli guards in a safe room before they were rescued by Egyptian commandoes.
The incident at the Israeli Embassy spoke not only to the anger over the shooting death of six Egyptian soldiers along the country's border with Israel last month, but also the hostility toward the Jewish state many feel in the country despite the peace agreement. The soldiers were killed as Israeli troops pursued militants who had launched an attack inside Israel that killed eight Israelis.
It also reflected the pressures and challenges confronting Egypt's military rulers, who are balancing often opposing ends of placating an irate Egyptian populace after Mubarak's ouster and pushing the country toward an elected civilian leadership.
The 18-day uprising that began in late January opened the floodgates to decades of pent up resentment over a widening income disparity, shoddy salaries, poor social and educational systems and the general sense in the Arab world's most populous country that opportunities were something that came through nepotism and cronyism versus skills and perseverance.
The continuing mass protests have battered Egypt's economy, undercutting vital tourism revenue and crimping foreign direct investment.
In a reversal of an earlier decision that would likely have done little to spur tourism, the government froze a ruling requiring tourists and other visitors to apply for visas before arrival in the country, the official MENA news agency reported, citing the deputy tourism minister.