A dismal jobs report caused stocks to plunge Friday.
The Dow Jones industrial average dropped 253 points, or 2.2 percent, wiping out its gain for the week. All 30 stocks in the average fell.
No jobs were added in the U.S. last month, the government said early Friday. It was the worst employment report in 11 months and renewed fears that another recession could be on the way. The yield on the 10-year Treasury note briefly fell below 2 percent and gold jumped $48 an ounce as cash flowed into investments seen as less risky than stocks.
"It's certainly ugly," said Jeff Kleintop, chief market strategist at LPL Financial.
The U.S. jobs news came out midday in Europe, dragging stock markets lower in afternoon trading. Indexes in Germany and France were already sinking on news that talks between Greece and international lenders over that country's debt crisis were breaking down. Germany's DAX closed down 3.4 percent; France's CAC-40 lost 3.6 percent.
The lack of hiring in the U.S. last month surprised investors. Economists were expecting 93,000 jobs to be added. Previously reported hiring figures for June and July were revised lower. The average work week declined and hourly earnings fell. The unemployment rate held steady at 9.1 percent. The rate has been above 9 percent in all but two months since May 2009.
Kleintop said the jobs report didn't change his view that the economy was headed for a stretch of weak economic growth, not a recession. He said the figures were likely skewed by unusual events that may have made employers reluctant to add jobs in August.
The Labor Department's report relies on data collected from surveys of households and businesses in the second week of August. That's right after Standard & Poor's removed the country's AAA credit rating and fears mounted that Europe's banking crisis could spread to the U.S. Television screens were filled with images of riots in London.
"I'm not surprised that businesses weren't doing too much hiring in that environment," Kleintop said.
The Dow Jones industrial average lost 253.31 points to close at 11,240.26. It was the biggest fall in two weeks. The Dow gained 329 points in the first three days of the week, turning the index positive for the year on Wednesday. Its two-day drop of 373 on Thursday and Friday left it down 0.4 percent for the week.
The Standard & Poor's 500 index fell 30.45, or 2.5 percent, to 1,173.97. The S&P is down 0.2 percent for the week. Both the Dow and S&P have fallen five of the past six weeks.
The Nasdaq composite fell 65.71, or 2.6 percent, to 2,480.33. The technology-heavy index eked out a gain of 0.48 point for the week.
Cash poured into Treasurys and gold, assets believed to be safer bets during a weak economy. The yield on the 10-year Treasury note fell to 2 percent, and briefly traded below that level. It was 2.14 percent shortly before the report came out. Yields fall when demand for bonds increases.
The price of gold rose 2.8 percent to $1,880. Fears that a stalling economy could reduce demand for oil and gasoline pushed benchmark crude oil down $2.48, or 2.8 percent, to $86.45.
Trading volume was thin ahead of the Labor Day weekend at 3.8 billion shares, 11 percent below the average volume for the year. Low volume can result in larger-than-usual moves in stock indexes. When fewer traders are active in the market, large buy and sell orders can move stock prices more than they would on a typical day.
The VIX, a measure of stock market volatility, rose 6.6 percent to 34. The index has fallen from a recent high of 48 on Aug. 8, when the Dow lost 634 points following a downgrade of the U.S. government's credit rating. The VIX traded below 20 for most of the year.
Bank of America Corp., the country's largest bank, sank 8 percent, or 66 cents, to $7.25 after The Wall Street Journal reported that regulators had asked it to develop emergency plans in case the bank's condition worsens. Bank of America is down 45 percent this year, largely on concerns about legal costs related to shoddy mortgage investments that it sold.
Other big banks dropped on separate reports that the government is preparing to sue some of them, also over mortgage investments they sold that lost value when the housing market collapsed. The Federal Housing Finance Agency, the regulator of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, announced the lawsuit against 17 banks after the market closed.
The FHFA says the banks lied about the quality of loans that they pooled and sold as securities. Morgan Stanley fell 97 cents, or 5.7 percent, to $15.96. Citigroup Inc. lost $1.60, or 5.3 percent, to $28.40 and Goldman Sachs Group Inc. fell $5.10, or 4.6 percent, to $107.06.
Peter Tchir, a former trader who now runs the hedge fund TF Market Advisors, said stocks will likely be dragged down in the coming weeks by high unemployment, weak spending and a possible default by Greece, which he sees as increasingly likely.
"I expect that the S&P will go back below 1,100 sometime in September," he said. "Whether we hit a recession or a contraction or not, it'll remain weak, and Europe is going to hit a wall where the banks are going to have to take losses." That would also hurt U.S. banks, he said.
Netflix Inc. plunged 9 percent, or $20.16, to $213.11 after talks collapsed with a key provider of movies and TV shows. Starz Entertainment said late Thursday that it won't renew a contract that allows Netflix to stream recently released movies and shows.