European stocks were hurt Tuesday by a report showing economic sentiment in the eurozone was souring due to uncertainties about the future of the global economic recovery and the region's festering debt crisis.
The European Union's economic sentiment index fell by a greater-than-expected 4.7 points to 98.3 _ the sixth consecutive decline, bringing the indicator below its long-term average of 100.
Germany, the eurozone's largest economy, saw the biggest drop. That is particularly worrying for traders because Germany had been the main motor of growth over the past year, helping Europe's economy grow despite the market turmoil spawned by the debt crisis.
"August's weak EC business and consumer survey adds to the evidence that the eurozone economy is now stagnating at best," said Jennifer McKeown, senior economist at Capital Economics.
After earlier trading higher, Germany's DAX closed down 0.5 percent at 5,643.92 while France's CAC-40 were up 0.2 percent at 3,159.74. Britain's FTSE 100 jumped 2.7 percent to 5,268.66, catching up on global gains made Monday, when it was closed for a holiday.
Wall Street, however, recovered from early losses to trade higher despite a survey showing a slump in consumer confidence in the U.S.
Although the data first weighed on Wall Street, investors took the opportunity to buy into what they considered cheap stocks. As a result, the Dow was up 0.3 percent at 11,575.77 while the S&P 500 gained 0.3 percent to 1,213.95.
Adding to uncertainty in Europe, a global accounting body criticized some European banking groups for not writing down their shaky Greek bond holdings enough.
The International Accounting Standards Board said some firms only wrote down the value of their Greek bonds according to a restructuring suggested by the Greek government, which would see their value drop by about 21 percent.
However, if firms tried to sell those bonds on the open market now, they would get much less than that, IASB Chairman Hans Hoogervorst said in a letter to the European Union's market regulator, the European Securities and Markets Authority.
Earlier in Asia, markets rode strong momentum from the previous day to close higher. U.S. economic figures on Monday had shown a strong increase in consumer spending and traders were encouraged by comments from Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke.
One sign of possible help on the horizon was the Fed's decision to extend its upcoming policy meeting to two days instead of one. That raised the possibility of action, at least in the eyes of traders, to jolt the economy.
Another reason for the upbeat mood: investors were anticipating an announcement soon by President Barack Obama on a new jobs initiative.
"I think the focus is on President Obama's speech, which is related to measures that will revive the economy," said Kwong Man Bun, chief operating officer at KGI Securities in Hong Kong. "All this provides some of sort positive expectations for investors."
The Nikkei 225 index in Tokyo added 1.2 percent to 8,953.90 as investors seized on positive U.S. consumer spending figures and overlooked a rise in Japan's unemployment rate.
Hong Kong's Hang Seng gained 1.7 percent to 20,204.17 and South Korea's Kospi was 0.8 percent higher at 1,843.82. Australia's S&P/ASX 200 rose 0.1 percent to 4,269.20.
Mainland Chinese shares lost ground, however, with the benchmark Shanghai Composite Index falling 0.4 percent to 2,566.60. The Shenzhen Composite Index fell 1 percent to 1,148.29.
Looking ahead, investors will keep an eye on U.S. economic indicators that could show slowing growth. Later Tuesday, the Consumer Confidence Index for August will be released. Then on Friday, the Labor Department will release U.S. employment data for August.
In currencies, the euro dropped to $1.4436 from $1.4505 late Monday in New York. The dollar slipped to 76.73 yen from 76.95 yen.
Benchmark oil for October delivery was up $1.61 to $88.88 per barrel in electronic trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange. The contract rose $1.90 to end at $87.27 per barrel on the Nymex on Monday.
In London, Brent crude for October delivery was up $2.08 to $113.96 on the ICE Futures exchange.
Pamela Sampson in Bangkok and Fu Ting in Shanghai contributed to this report.