East Coast residents should take advantage of the advance warning about the approach of Hurricane Irene. They can put the time to good use by assembling a disaster kit and taking other precautions. Widespread damage and power outages are possible with a big storm, and homeowners may be displaced if there is substantial destruction.
The American Red Cross, Federal Emergency Management Association and local governments all provide details for how to prepare on their websites.
Here are some of the most important steps:
_ Secure your property.
Bring inside any flower pots, garden furniture, trash cans or other items that can get picked up by heavy winds and tossed around. Anchor or remove gas grills and turn off propane tanks. Close shutters or consider boarding up windows with plywood. Clear clogged rain gutters and downspouts.
_ Create an evacuation plan.
Fill your car's gas tank. If you must evacuate, you don't want to have to stop to refill. Have a location for family members to meet and make sure everyone in the family knows your plans.
_ Know where to seek help.
Find out where a local shelter will be set up in case you need to seek assistance. Identify a family member or friend who can provide a place to stay if you must evacuate. Map out several routes to both locations, in case damage prevents use of the obvious path. Note, most emergency shelters will not allow pets, so keep your family's animals in mind as you make plans.
_ Test disaster supplies.
Test several flashlights and replace batteries as needed. Check also that you have a working battery-operated radio.
_ Have cash in hand.
Get some extra cash from your bank, because ATMs and credit card networks may not work if there is a power outage. Make sure several family members have cash and at least one credit card, in case you get separated.
_ Ready your tech
Fully charge cellphones, smartphones, laptops and entertainment devices for the kids. Check to see if your insurance company has a smartphone app with contact information or basic claim instructions, or your local government has an app with disaster prep tips, or a way to sign up for text alerts. And make sure you know where your car chargers are, since they may be the only way to recharge for some time.
_ Gather essential documents.
Pull together important papers like homeowners or renters insurance policies, your house deed, birth certificates, immigration papers and Social Security cards, along with a list of bank account and credit card account numbers. Include phone numbers for your bank, insurance company and mortgage and car loan lender. You can email some of this information to yourself as a backup, but because cellphone and Internet service could be down for an extended period, have hard copies as well. Seal it all in a plastic bag to keep the packet waterproof.
_ Buy bottled water.
Have a three-day supply of water for each family member _ at least one gallon of water per person, per day. For sanitary reasons, commercially bottled water is best. Check out the FEMA website for instructions on preparing your own containers. http://www.fema.gov/plan/prepare/water.shtm
_ Hit the grocery store.
Stock up a supply of non-perishable food to last at least three days. Make sure you have infant formula and any other special items your family members might need, and don't forget pet food.
_ Collect medical supplies.
Gather any medications your family requires, along with toiletries and a first-aid kit to treat minor injuries and illnesses. A list of prescriptions for each family member and doctors' contact information may also be handy. Include a few rolls of toilet paper, some anti-bacterial gel and a container of moist towelettes.
_ Pack an evacuation bag.
Pack up at least one change of clothes and footwear for each family member. Rain gear, blankets or sleeping bags may also come in handy.