Regulators on Friday shut down a small bank in Kansas, lifting to 64 the number of U.S. bank failures this year.
The pace of closures has slowed, however, as the economy has slowly improved and banks work their way through the bad debt accumulated in the Great Recession. By this time last year, regulators had shuttered 110 banks.
The Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. seized First National Bank of Olathe, based in Olathe, Kan., with $538.1 million in assets and $524.3 million in deposits. Enterprise Bank & Trust, based in Clayton, Mo., agreed to assume the assets and deposits of the failed bank.
In addition, the FDIC and Enterprise Bank & Trust agreed to share losses on $419.6 million of First National Bank of Olathe's loans and other assets.
The failure of First National Bank of Olathe is expected to cost the deposit insurance fund $116.6 million.
In all of 2010 regulators seized 157 banks, the most in a year since the savings-and-loan crisis two decades ago. The FDIC has said 2010 likely marked the peak for bank failures from the Great Recession.
There were 140 bank failures in 2009, costing the insurance fund about $36 billion. The failures last year cost around $21 billion, a lower price tag because the banks involved were smaller on average. Twenty-five banks failed in 2008, the year the financial crisis struck with force; only three were closed in 2007.
From 2008 through 2010, bank failures cost the fund $76.8 billion. The deposit insurance fund fell into the red in 2009. With failures slowing, the FDIC's deficit narrowed in the first quarter of this year; it stood at about $1 billion as of March 31.
Depositors' money _ insured up to $250,000 per account _ is not at risk, with the FDIC backed by the government. That insurance cap was made permanent in the financial overhaul law enacted last July.