Here are the banks that failed European Union stress tests that project how their finances would fare in another recession. Banks were required to show they could maintain high-quality capital reserves equal to 5 percent of their outstanding loans, investments and other risky assets.
Those that almost failed had between 5 percent and 6 percent.
The banks that failed have been asked by European banking regulators to strengthen their finances "promptly."
_Oesterreichische Volksbank AG
_Helaba (withdrew from tests after dispute over capital definition with EBA, but would not have passed under EBA ruling)
_Caja de Ahorros de Mediterraneo
_Banco Pastor SA
_Marfin Popular Bank
_TT Hellenic Postbank
_Banco Popolare SC
_Banco Comercial Portugues
_Espirito Santo Financial Group
_Nova Ljubljanska Banka DD
_Banco de Sabadell SA
_Banco Popular Espanol SA
_Caixa de Aforros de Galicia, Vigo, Ourense e Pontevedra
_Grupo Banca Civica
_Caja de Ahorros y M.P. de Ontinyent