Suzanne Fields
These past few days have given us a lot of fireworks, between the Supreme Court decision upholding Obamacare and the celebration of Independence Day. With the fireworks came a serious look at the Founding Fathers -- and what they had to say about governance. The pundits rent the air with commentary.

Among the wise men quoted, as always, was Alexis de Toqueville, the perceptive visitor from France whose book, "Democracy in America," told us a lot about who we are, about the separation of powers and the significance of the Supreme Court. "No other nation ever constituted so powerful a judiciary as the Americans," he observed in 1835. Without the Supreme Court justices, the Constitution would be a "dead letter."

Americans have always argued about whether the Supreme Court has assumed too much power over our lives, but de Toqueville believed it was designed to protect the nation in special ways, giving real meaning to the pivot points in the balance of powers: "It is to them that the executive appeals to resist the encroachments of the legislative body, the legislature to defend itself against the assaults of the executive, the union to make the states obey it, the states to rebuff the exaggerated pretensions of the union, public interest against private interest, the spirit of conservation against democratic inability." Whew.

Not only is this power immense, he observed, "but it is power springing from opinion." That requires the justices to act as statesmen and to be in touch with "the spirit of the age." But what does all that mean today? The ideological debates over Obamacare reflect two opposing spirits of the age.

The president, modest as always, refers to the health care law as "the law I passed." (What does Congress have to do with it?) He says he should spend more of the people's money (while damning the rich for keeping too much of their own), ultimately laying a tax penalty on those who chose not to comply with his law. The other side of the polarized viewpoint is eager to limit government spending against the president's raid on everybody's pocket and purse, free the public from the clutches of the unelected bureaucrats and increase individual liberty for private enterprise.

In the midterm congressional elections only two years ago, many of the winners tried to curb the overreach of Obamacare, but despite the Republican blowout in the House, they didn't have the numbers in the Senate. The House vote this week to repeal Obamacare was largely symbolic.

Suzanne Fields

Suzanne Fields is currently working on a book that will revisit John Milton's 'Paradise Lost.'

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