Actually, the reason he lost was because he was a liberal. He refused to attack Markey on the issues. He ran a campaign that only said, he was new and MArkey was old. He was fresh and MArkey had been around forever. IT also did not help that he donated to Obama and told Deval Patrick that he would be a thorn in the side of Republicans in Congress. I am from MA and most of my conservative friends did not take time off work to vote for him.