The Japanese wanted a conditional surrender that would allow them to try their leaders for war crimes. The Japanese wanted to keep some of their overseas empire. All of this is unacceptable. Also, please note that 25% of those killed at Hiroshima were military personnel. Seventy percent of the population of Hiroshima were factory workers. There were four major industrial areas of Hiroshima. Hiroshima was the headquarters of the Japanese Second Army which was tasked with the defense of the island Hiroshima was located on. Also, a Japanese army division was headquartered in Hiroshima.