2. The Japanese were deeply committed to fighting. Consider the battle of Tarawa in November 1943, where over 1,000 Americans and 4,700 Japanese died in a 3 day period over a piece of coral 2 miles long and ½ mile wide (half the size of Central Park.) There was also the battle of Iwo Jima in February 1945 that lasted two weeks killing about 6,800 Americans and over 28,000 Japanese. Iwo Jima was about 8 square miles. There was also the battle of Okinawa in April 1945 that lasted 3 months and resulted in about 12,000 American and 110,000 Japanese fatalities. Okinawa was about 1,000 square miles.