U. S. Supreme Court, Craig v. Missouri, 4 Peters 410
"Emitting bills of credit, or the creation of money by private corporations, is what is expressly forbidden by Article 1, Section 10 of the U. S. Constitution".
The entire PRIVATE commercial banking system that collects interest on money that it its self has created out of thin air is the biggest scam ever floated over the American people. Voted into law in 1913, the federal reserve board should be ABOLISHED as clearly in contradiction with the the expressed intent of the founding fathers. Studying their writings on the subject should make it clear why. Theirs' an old saying that says that if you want to find the rat in the wood pile, follow the money trail. true most of the time.