"A republic is a government under a Constitution preventing the violation of the rights of the individual."
Is this what Ben Franklin mean't when he told that woman in Philly after the ratification of the Constitution, that "we have given you a Republic, if you can keep it"? Is that what the Constitution means when it promises the States "a republican form of government"?
In 1787 there were no Constitutional protection of individual rights. That didn't come until 1791 with the first 10 amendments. I don't know what Ben meant, but I know your historical revision is wrong.