This article is so full of bull it must have been written by a lawyer, or a liberal academic. First, the second amendment is not a grant of privilege under government, but a fundamental right PROTECTED under the second amendment so the "wording" is irrelevant. Permits (especially to exercise a fundamental right) are a manifestation of maritime (martial) law) enacted under "emergency rule" and have no place in a free society under common law. This article appears to be an attempt to justify attacks on our rights on "logical" grounds. Lawyers have been trying for decades to "redefine away" our rights through distortion and confusion of language. As for the second amendment "forbidding" anything, it only forbids GOVERNMENT INTERFERENCE.