MarineGunner, that's not why the Emancipation Proclamation was issued. It was issued to try and get slaves to attack their masters—and more to the point, to make Southerners worry about their women and children being attacked by slaves.
"If we win, the slaves go free" is a very old military tactic, and its sole purpose is to terrorize civilians. Toyotomi Hideyoshi did the same thing when he invaded Korea in the 16th century.
As for the KKK, it was originally a vigilante group because the Republicans weren't enforcing the laws where former slaves were concerned, thinking Southerners deserved to suffer. However, their tactics even then were, in essence, "find and lynch the nearest black guy", they weren't concerned with proof.