I sometimes wonder if the word "atheism" is often misused. You don't have to believe in God necessarily to believe in some kind of afterlife. Heck, some Buddhists don't even believe in souls but still manage to believe in reincarnation, heaven, and hell. All atheism means is that there are no "gods" who created the universe, but who's to say that this universe itself doesn't contain a natural (or supernatural) level of reality into which human life or the human soul, being energy of sufficient orginization, moves on upon death? I think we need a better word than "atheist" to describe people who don't believe in an afterlife (if there isn't one already -- does anyone know)?