When Liberal policies (antics) fail, they claim that it was insufficient, wrongly implemented, or sabotaged. It never occurs to them that their basic premise was incorrect. Affirmative action, for example, shortchanges those denied (jobs, school admisssion, etc), to put the unprepared into an environment the "beneficiaries" are likely to fail (at great expense to them), and shortchanges the funders/customers. But the claim is that given enough time (as if 40 years were insufficient) or a greater emphasis on AA, that AA WILL succeed. It never occurs to AA proponents that preparing the underprivileged to succeed withOUT AA would be more effective over the long haul.