"Slaves" were captured by African tribes and sold to the Dutch, Portugese and English. If my memory serves correctly the Dutch brought slaves to Virginia on a disabled ship. Oddly enough, 2000 IRISH slaves arrived a few years later. Yes, there were "white slaves". They were the work of the Parlimenarians, and Cromwell in particular. Later, in hour history the levi system was consructed around the Mississippi delta - this work was done by the Irish because a slave cost $2000 and tyou could work an Irishman to death for 25 cents a day. Cromwell was a genocidal maniac who is always overlooked.