Pat, you raise many good points about why the situation in the Middle East is so intractable. Really, it will take God's help for things to improve there--and time. After all, Islam is a 1400-year old religion. It is (in terms of centuries) a "teenager". What was Christianity doing at 1400? At the start of the Renaissance. And during the Renaissance, there was constant war, and about to be the start of non-stop fighting between Prots and Catholics (16th century, continuing for centuries), which was as horrific as the non-stop fights between Sunni and Shi'ite branches of Islam.