I hate when people who know little about political science, attempt to be political scientists. A republic is simply a non-monarchy. Technically. We are of course a democracy and a republic. A democracy is not an awful thing, as some in here believe. It is a system of government where the people make decisions, either directly, or in the case of us, usually indirectly through representatives. A republic of course DOES NOT mandate an electoral college system. WHy some believe that, I have no idea. It's an ad hoc system made by politicans (yes, that is what they were) in order to reach a compromise two hundred plus years ago. Just as they compromised on slavery and other questions.