1. Under the Constitution, who has the sovereign authority to govern?
The founders aid it is in the people "by God's own allowance". No branch or agency of the government should be allowed to operate in violation of the express will of the people. Their collective will is wet forth in the Constitution and the law by the people's representatives.
2. In what way are "all men created equal?"
All humanity are equal in three was: 1. Equal before God. 2. Equal before the law. 3. Equal in their rights. In all other respects people are different.