There are many things that need to be done both as incentives and as accountability. Kids that don't do their homework, for whatever reason, need to stay after school to do it with the help of teachers, not just fail. Kids that fail tests need to have to stay after to get help that obviously they can't get at home. Kids that pass state standards need to be rewarded, probably monetarily for each they pass so they see the connection between hard work and education and a pay check of sorts. It needs to not be an option to opt out if they are struggling, but to learn they have to spend more time and effort to learn. If it is inconvenient for the parent, too bad. Your child needs an education! Be the parent and see that the child gets it.