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Don't ignore the words "... in Pursuance thereof ..." These words limit the Federal government to those powers explicitly granted to the Federal government by the States in the Constitution. Nowhere is the Federal government granted the power to abrogate, by treaty, the limits placed on it by the Constitution. Indeed, it is not granted the power to make anything Constitutional which is not via a Supreme Court ruling. Thomas Jefferson stated in the Kentucky Resolutions of 1798, "the government created by this compact was not made the exclusive or final judge of the extent of the powers delegated to itself; since that would have made its discretion, and not the constitution, the measure of its powers."
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