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The democrats ? refer to Marxist sociology is the study of sociology from a Marxist perspective. Marxism itself can be recognized as both a political philosophy and a sociology, particularly so far as it attempts to remain scientific, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marxist_sociology However Republicanism is the ideology of governing a society or state as a republic (la. res publica), where the head of state is a representative of the people who hold popular sovereignty rather than the people being subjects of the head of state. The head of state is typically appointed by means other than heredity, often through elections. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republicanism Conservatism under the guise of later developed political and social philosophy that promotes retaining traditional social institutions in the context of the culture and civilization and where some conservatives seek to preserve things as they are, emphasizing stability and continuity, while others, called reactionaries, oppose modernism and seek a return to "the way things were" .... conservatism in its historic meaning originates from Toryism that supported a hierarchical society with a monarch who ruled by divine right. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conservatism
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