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Guadalcanal, Tulagi and Gavutu: American Perseverance in the Summer of '42

Gus9/11 Wrote: Aug 15, 2012 1:03 PM
BY THE GRACE OF GOD AND A FEW MARINES McARTHUR RETURNED TO THE PHILLIPINES.

The Dec. 7, 1941, Japanese surprise air strike on Pearl Harbor and subsequent attacks on American bases in the Philippines dealt U.S. naval and air forces a savage material blow.

For six months, Japan maintained what military analysts call "the strategic initiative." Japan acted, the U.S. and its allies reacted. Japanese forces, with their fast aircraft carriers providing the offensive muscle, seized territory and threatened allied lines of communication in the central, western and southern Pacific. Japanese commanders determined when and where major combat action would occur.

The heady, fast-paced and sensational days of Japanese offensive superiority lasted until...