FILE - This file image from the Russian documentary film, "Ten Years of the Space Age," and provided by the Russian news photo agency Novosti shows the launch of Sputnik 1, a Soviet man

 

              FILE - This file image from the Russian documentary film, "Ten Years of the Space Age," and provided by the Russian news photo agency Novosti shows the launch of Sputnik 1, a Soviet man
FILE - This file image from the Russian documentary film, "Ten Years of the Space Age," and provided by the Russian news photo agency Novosti shows the launch of Sputnik 1, a Soviet man-made earth satellite. Beach ball-sized Sputnik touched off a space race and stoked big fears that American students might not be up to the challenges of the Cold War. Calls to improve science and technical education led to creation of a low-interest college loan program in the National Defense Education Act of 1958. The loan dollars came directly from the government. (AP Photo/Novosti, File)