FILE - In this Sept. 1, 1945, file photo President Harry Truman broadcasts his message on the formal surrender of Japan from the White House in Washington. Truman called on Congress in 1945 to create a national insurance program for those who pay voluntary fees, saying medical care is a right of all Americans. The American Medical Association denounces the idea as "socialized medicine." Truman tries for years but can't get it passed. (AP Photo/File)