By Ulf Laessing
KHARTOUM (Reuters) - Sudanese authorities cut off a hand and foot of a man convicted of armed robbery, rights groups said on Wednesday, the first such punishment under Islamic law in Sudan for almost 30 years.
It followed a pledge by President Omar Hassan al-Bashir to implement a "100 percent" Islamic constitution as a result of the secession in 2011 of the mainly non-Muslim south of Sudan.
Sharia (Islamic law) was first introduced in the vast northeast African country in 1983 and Bashir began to expand its application after he took power in a 1989 Islamist coup.
Floggings are common for drinking alcohol but amputations of the right hand and left feet - among the most draconian punishments allowed in Sudan - had not been meted out since the mid-1980s, according to local rights activists.
But on February 14, doctors at al-Ribat police hospital in Khartoum amputated the right hand and left foot of 30-year old Adam al-Muthna under a court order, Human Rights Watch and three other groups said in a statement, citing reliable sources.
"Cross amputation is a form of state-sponsored torture," said Vincent Iacopino, senior medical adviser at U.S.-based Physicians for Human Rights, which issued the statement with New York-based HRW as well as British rights groups REDRESS and the African Centre for Justice and Peace Studies.
The al-Sudani daily said a state court had convicted Muthna of firing on a car with an assault rifle in the Sharaf area in March 2006 to force it to stop and then stole 1,000 Sudanese pounds ($228) from its passengers. It said Sudan's constitutional court upheld the conviction.
Officials at the justice ministry, the judiciary headquarters in Khartoum and the constitutional court all declined to comment on the amputation.
Kamal al-Jazouli, a Sudanese lawyer and human rights activist, said the government apparently wanted to intimidate people with the amputation at a time of dissent over galloping inflation and corruption.
"They want to instill fear in people. How can you punish a thief in such a draconian way in a poor country like Sudan?"
A group of doctors organized in the opposition group "Change Now" also denounced the amputation. "Hospitals and medical institutions are there to treat people and not to execute such rulings," it said in a statement.
Last year, Sudanese courts sentenced two women for adultery to stoning, another sentence allowed under sharia. Both women were later freed after appeal courts overturned the rulings, according to Fahima Hashim, a women's rights activist.
(Reporting by Ulf Laessing; Editing by Mark Heinrich)