By Vladimir Soldatkin and Steve Gutterman
MOSCOW (Reuters) - Pussy Riot angered President Vladimir Putin and the dominant Russian Orthodox Church but succeeded in highlighting the close ties that bind church, state and the courts together in Putin's Russia, a freed member of the punk band said on Saturday.
"We achieved more than our goal," Yekaterina Samutsevich told Reuters in an interview.
Samutsevich, 30, walked free after more than six months in jail when an appeals court suspended her two-year sentence on Wednesday. Two band mates were sent back behind bars to serve out their terms and could be sent to prison in Siberia.
Samutsevich, Maria Alyokhina, 24, and Nadezhdha Tolokonnikova, 22, were convicted in August of a hate crime in jail for a profanity-laced "punk prayer" in Moscow's main cathedral asking the Virgin Mary to "throw Putin out".
The protest prompted accusations of blasphemy from the Orthodox Church and acerbic criticism from Putin. Their trial got Russians talking about the millennium intertwining of church and state and the politically engaged courts.
"People who even never thought about these things started to talk about them, to read and to listen to other people's opinions," Samutsevich said in the interview at a kitchen table in a friend's apartment in Moscow.
"A discussion has begin in society, and that is very important for us," she said.
The women's case sparked global outcry with Western governments and pop stars including Madonna condemning their sentences as disproportionate and Russia saying such criticism pointed to a "clash of civilizations".
The trio were found guilty of "hooliganism motivated by religious hatred" - a ruling Samutsevich said was grossly misguided and unlawful: "We are not hooligans and didn't want to insult anyone."
She said the prank was meant to draw attention to close ties between the Russian Orthodox Church and the government, which they say is giving the church growing power over society in what the constitution that says it is a secular state.
Before the "punk prayer" in Moscow's Christ the Saviour Cathedral, Russian Orthodox Patriarch Kirill gave Putin, then prime minister, support in his campaign for a third presidential term, likening his years in power to a "miracle of God".
The trial "showed how the courts are subverted to the authorities, controlled in essence by the opinions of a few people at the pinnacle of power," Samutsevich said. "The whole world can see this. It cannot be hidden, whatever Putin says."
"I am certain that many people in Russia have changed their opinion about Putin's regime," she said.
"It is great that our case has had this effect, has made people think about this."
"NO DESIRE TO STOP"
Sympathy for the group is limited in Russia however. An opinion poll conducted on September 21-24 by the independent Levada center found 35 percent of Russians believe the two-year sentences were appropriate, while 34 percent said they were too lenient and only 14 percent said they were excessive.
The Kremlin-controlled parliament is considering legislation to toughen punishment for offending religious sentiment, part of what Kremlin critics say is a clamp-down on dissent since Putin started a six-year term in May.
Putin supported the sentences, saying the trial court "was right to take this decision because you cannot undermine the fundamental morals and values to destroy the country".
Samutsevich said the trial was an ordeal, with the women roused in their cells daily at 5 a.m. after returning to jail at 1 a.m. the previous night. "It was constant stress, constantly being under guard, handcuffed," she said.
The appeals court suspended Samutsevich's sentence after her lawyer - newly hired after she dismissed the previous ones - argued that she had been stopped and led away from the altar before the band began to belt out the protest song on February 21.
Still, her unexpected release sparked debate about why the court freed her while her band mates - both with small children, while Samutsevich has none - lost their appeals.
Samutsevich said she had made no deal with the authorities and emphasized she had not changed her plea. Her release is conditional; she must report to authorities monthly and can be jailed again if she breaks the law.
"I can't say I feel any euphoria about my freedom - first of all because Nadya and Masha are still in jail," she said, using the familiar names for Tolokonnikova and Alyokhina.
Samutsevich vowed to fight for their release but said she had already met with Pussy Riot members who are free and wants to continue the protest.
"The state has thought up new ways to restrict public activity. That's a problem, but it's a kind of sport," she said. "The authorities put up barriers ... but we will think about how to overcome these difficulties."
"I have absolutely no desire to stop."
(Additional reporting by Alexander Reshetnikov and Dmitry Madorsky; Editing by Myra MacDonald and Jon Hemming)
Preparations for Assaults on Iranian Dissidents in Iraq by Iran’s Forces and Proxies | Raymond Tanter