Today is Sunday, Oct. 16, the 289th day of 2011. There are 76 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:

On Oct. 16, 1859, radical abolitionist John Brown led a group of 21 men in a raid on Harpers Ferry in western Virginia. (Ten of Brown's men were killed and five escaped. Brown and six followers ended up being captured; all were executed.)

On this date:

In 1793, during the French Revolution, Marie Antoinette, the queen of France, was beheaded.

In 1886, David Ben-Gurion, Israel's first prime minister, was born in Plonsk in present-day Poland.

In 1901, Booker T. Washington dined at the White House as the guest of President Theodore Roosevelt, whose invitation to the black educator sparked controversy.

In 1911, the National Conference of Progressive Republicans, meeting in Chicago, nominated Wisconsin Sen. Robert M. La Follette for the presidency.

In 1943, Chicago Mayor Edward J. Kelly officially opened the city's new subway system during a ceremony at the State and Madison street station.

In 1962, the Cuban missile crisis began as President John F. Kennedy was informed that reconnaissance photographs had revealed the presence of missile bases in Cuba.

In 1978, the College of Cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church chose Cardinal Karol Wojtyla (voy-TEE'-wah) to be the new pope; he took the name John Paul II.

In 1981, Israeli military leader Moshe Dayan died in Tel Aviv at age 66.

In 1987, a 58- 1/2-hour drama in Midland, Texas, ended happily as rescuers freed Jessica McClure, an 18-month-old girl trapped in an abandoned well.

In 1991, a deadly shooting rampage took place in Killeen, Texas, as George Hennard opened fire at a Luby's Cafeteria, killing 23 people before taking his own life.

Ten years ago: U.S. bombs struck a Red Cross compound in Afghanistan, injuring a guard. Twelve Senate offices were closed as hundreds of staffers underwent anthrax tests. Jazz vocalist Etta Jones, who earned a gold record for her 1960 recording "Don't Go to Strangers," died in New York at age 72.

Five years ago: President George W. Bush personally assured Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki (NOO'-ree ahl-MAHL'-ih-kee) by phone that he had set no timetable for pulling troops out of Iraq. Lynne Stewart, a firebrand civil rights lawyer, was sentenced in New York to 28 months in prison for helping an imprisoned terrorist sheik communicate with his followers on the outside. (Stewart had her original sentence increased to 10 years in July 2010 by a judge who concluded she'd lied to a jury and lacked remorse.)

One year ago: Iran set free an American businessman jailed in Tehran for more than two years on suspicion of ties to an allegedly violent opposition group. (Reza Taghavi, 71, hadn't been charged with a crime and denied knowingly supporting the organization, known as Tondar.) Actress Barbara Billingsley, the matriarch of TV's "Leave It to Beaver," died in Santa Monica, Calif., at age 94.

Today's Birthdays: Actress Angela Lansbury is 86. Author Gunter Grass is 84. Former presidential adviser Charles W. Colson is 80. Actor-producer Tony Anthony is 74. Actor Barry Corbin is 71. Sportscaster Tim McCarver is 70. Rock musician C.F. Turner (Bachman-Turner Overdrive) is 68. Actress Suzanne Somers is 65. Rock singer-musician Bob Weir is 64. Producer-director David Zucker is 64. Record company executive Jim Ed Norman is 63. Actor Daniel Gerroll is 60. Actor Morgan Stevens is 60. Actress Martha Smith is 59. Comedian-actor Andy Kindler is 55. Actor-director Tim Robbins is 53. Actor-musician Gary Kemp is 52. Singer-musician Bob Mould is 51. Actor Randy Vasquez is 50. Rock musician Flea (Red Hot Chili Peppers) is 49. Actor Todd Stashwick is 43. Jazz musician Roy Hargrove is 42. Actress Terri J. Vaughn is 42. Singer Wendy Wilson (Wilson Phillips) is 42. Rapper B-Rock (B-Rock and the Bizz) is 40. Rock singer Chad Gray (Mudvayne) is 40. Actress Kellie Martin is 36. Singer John Mayer is 34. Actor Jeremy Jackson is 31. Actress Caterina Scorsone is 31. Actress Brea Grant (TV: "Heroes") is 30.

Thought for Today: "No persons are more frequently wrong, than those who will not admit they are wrong." _ Francois, Duc de la Rochefoucauld, French moralist (1613-1680).

(Above Advance for Use Sunday, Oct. 16)

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