NEW YORK (AP) — The newly-elected Tunisian president vowed Thursday to crack down on Islamist extremists after they encouraged crowds to attack the U.S. embassy in the capital Tunis.
President Moncef Marzouki, in an interview with The Associated Press during the annual United Nations General Assembly gathering of world leaders, also called for the Arab League to send a force to Syria.
In separate comments Thursday, Libyan President Mohammed el-Megaref promised a similar crackdown on extremists in his country, where an attack on a U.S. Consulate led to the death of the U.S. ambassador, Chris Stevens.
The remarks from the two leaders underscored their concerns over how the attacks have affected relations with the United States, one of their most important allies since the Arab Spring revolts that toppled dictators in their countries.
Marzouki's promised crackdown on hardline Muslims in Tunisia follows months of struggles by his Islamist-dominated governing coalition to stem a small but aggressive minority of extremists emboldened since the fall of the North African nation's secular dictator in last year's revolution, which kicked off the Arab Spring. Salafi extremists have pressured bars to shutter and bullied university campuses to become more conservative, threatening Tunisia's secular traditions.
"The more we wait, the worse it will become," Marzouki said. "We have no choice, a crackdown will happen."
"The Salafis are not just a danger to our democracy, and ... our image abroad," Marzouki added, but also to "relations with our friends, the Americans."
Marzouki has promised that his government will protect the rights of women and religious freedom, while building a robust democracy. But the party also relies on conservative Muslims for votes, and has been reluctant to be associated with a crackdown on the Salafis before elections, expected next year. It is concerned security forces would commit the kind of human rights abuses that were common under the former regime of Zine El Abidine Ben Ali.
Last week, several thousand demonstrators attacked the U.S. embassy, tearing down the American flag and raising one associated with hardline Muslims, while looting and burning buildings. Four demonstrators were killed and dozens injured.
The protest was part of a wave of violent demonstrations around the Muslim world after excerpts of a crude anti-Islam film was dubbed into Arabic and uploaded to YouTube.
Marzouki said the crackdown would involve arrests of those planning or involved in violent riots.
The president said he cautioned security forces not to engage in torture or other abuses, but conceded that would be difficult to avoid. The former exile said he and many other members of his government were once thrown in jail for their beliefs, and many were harshly interrogated and abused.
"We don't want to behave like the dictator," Marzouki said.
Libya's fledging government has also struggled with how to confront Muslim extremists.
"The truth is, we have a weak army. We didn't have the ability. We were waiting to build up our security forces," el-Megaref said after a lecture to the International Peace Service in New York on Thursday.
El-Megaref said the government has disbanded some 10 militias so far and would tackle more.
"After what happened, we couldn't be quiet," el-Megaref said of the attack that killed Stevens and three other Americans.
Tunisia is rewriting its constitution, which is seen as a test of Islamist influence in newly-democratic Arab nations. Marzouki said the charter would be ready by January, around the second anniversary of the revolution. Marzouki said he would not allow the word "sharia," or "Islamic law," to be part of it.
Marzouki is expected to face sharp resistance on blasphemy laws, which he does not want to be part of the constitution, though they enjoy broad political support.
Relations between men and women would be defined by the word "equality," Marzouki said — and not the term suggested by Islamists, "complimentary."
In his speech to the General Assembly on Thursday, Marzouki called for the creation of an international constitutional court to rule on the legality of elections and deter tyrannical regimes.
Marzouki asked the U.N. to declare dictatorship a "scourge" to be eliminated by a bold program similar to those dedicated to eradicating polio and small pox.
Marzouki told The AP he was proposing an Arab League force to secure Syria after the civil war there ends, echoing a similar call from Qatar for an Arab intervention. Marzouki said he believed it was only a matter of time before Bashar Assad's regime collapses, when the "real nightmare" would begin. He said Arab League troops from Tunisia, Egypt and perhaps Sudan could secure the country before elections install a new government.
"What we are seeing today is killings of no less than 25,000 people and thousands of wounded and the destruction of infrastructure that will weaken the living standards of the Syrian people," he told the General Assembly. "It is an example of what a dictator can do in his bloody-minded madness."
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