Thomas Sowell

Only in California would a city that is less than 50 years old have a historical society. But, in California, anything more than a couple of decades old is considered historic and anything that is a century old is considered to be ancient history.
Nevertheless, the Foster City Historical Society has performed a useful service by publishing a little book titled simply "Foster City." It details the building of an attractive middle-class community with about 30,000 people on what was once swamp land.

 What makes this story of more than local interest is that Foster City is the kind of community that would be difficult to build today and, in many places, virtually impossible. The very idea of draining a swamp -- a sacrosanct "wetland" -- would arouse the fury of environmental zealots.

 Legalistic hassles over "environmental impact" reports alone might be enough to bankrupt the builders. Environmental impact reports often have little or nothing to do with the environment and everything to do with stopping development.

 Nothing is easier than to claim that there will be horrible environmental consequences from building something. Moreover, there is no penalty whatsoever for making charges that can cost others millions of dollars to research and prove wrong.

 The whole purpose of the charges may be precisely to cause builders to lose millions of dollars and perhaps have to give up the whole idea of building anything where the green zealots don't want anything built.

 Foster City was built in the 1960s, just before the environmental protection racket went big time, with the aid of legislation and court decisions that gave green zealots the power to impose huge costs on others at little or no cost to themselves.

 Nowhere is that power wielded more ruthlessly than in San Mateo County, where Foster City is located. But, back when Foster City was built, the biggest challenges were physical.

 In addition to draining the swamp, levees had to be built to hold back the tide waters of San Francisco Bay, and the land had to be filled in to make it strong enough to support the weight of homes and buildings.

 Critics claimed that the first big earthquake would devastate a community built on land-fill -- but their claims had no such legal clout as such claims would gain during the 1970s. In reality, Foster City came through the big 1989 earthquake with flying colors, while buildings collapsed and fires broke out from broken gas lines elsewhere in the San Francisco Bay area.

Thomas Sowell

Thomas Sowell is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institute and author of The Housing Boom and Bust.

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