Robert Novak

The Federal Railroad Administration handed a rare victory to the American taxpayer last week by denying a questionable $2.33 billion loan application by the Dakota, Minnesota and Eastern (DM&E) Railroad. What makes this news of special interest is the paramount role Republican Sen. John Thune of South Dakota played in boosting the loan. Here is a cautionary tale of political life in Washington and how it corrupts.

Legislative changes that made the loan possible were guided through Congress behind closed doors by Thune. But the assessment that DM&E is a poor credit risk was shared by Thune's fellow conservative senators -- Tom Coburn of Oklahoma and Jim DeMint of South Carolina -- who took the extraordinary step of advocating rejection of a colleague's pet project. Making matters worse, Thune is a former paid lobbyist for the South Dakota-based railroad and has received political contributions from the company's executives.

Thune entered the Senate in 2005 as one of the GOP's rising stars with a limitless future after defeating Senate Democratic Leader Tom Daschle for re-election. He declared himself eager to fight against spending under a Republican-controlled government. But instead of aligning himself with his party's reformers, Thune has been energized in promoting pork for South Dakota. After the embarrassment of the DM&E loan rejection, a Senate Republican source (who declined to be identified) said: "One can hope this episode helps Thune recover his revolutionary zeal."

DM&E applied for the loan guarantee, under the Railroad Rehabilitation and Improvement Financing (RRIF) program, to build a railway to haul coal, ethanol and other agricultural products in the Powder River Basin stretching across South Dakota, Minnesota and Wyoming. This area is already served by two railway giants, Union Pacific and Burlington Northern Santa Fe.

The fact that RRIF still exists is testimony to Thune's energy and skill. The program was zeroed out of President Bush's 2005 and 2006 budgets, but was saved and revised behind closed doors under Thune's leadership as part of the 2005 transportation appropriations bill (that contained the infamous "bridge to nowhere"). Indeed, Thune took credit for it, traveling the state of South Dakota in November of 2005 to spread the good news. Whether this qualifies as an earmark is a matter of opinion.

Earmark or not, Coburn and DeMint contend the loan is about policy. Normally, when a senator dislikes a colleague's protected project, he follows the chamber's politesse and swallows his objections. Not Coburn and DeMint, who since their election in 2004 have waged war on pork.

Robert Novak

Robert Novak (1931-2009) was a syndicated columnist and editor of the Evans-Novak Political Report.

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