Truman had a Republican House and Senate; but Obama has a Democrat-controlled Senate. Nevertheless, with 46 or 47 Republicans in the Senate, he might well be able to make the case that between the overwhelming Republican majority in the House, and the ability of Republican Senators to thwart his legislation (because Harry Reid needs 60 votes to pass anything Republicans don't like) the "Do Nothing 112th Congress" is the enemy of the people.
I don't think he will be able to pull it off.
Obama has no idea what real people think about real issues. In his presser the day after the election he said this:
"At what point are we going to get back to a situation where we're doing what families all around the country do, which is make sure that if you spend something, you know how to pay for it, as opposed to racking up the credit card for the next generation."
That's not the way "families all around the country" do it. What real families do is take a look at how much money they have and then decide what they can buy. Not buy something and then decide how (or if) you can pay for it.
Sounds like a difference without a distinction, but it is at the center of why Obama believes that paying for an ever expanding Federal government ("if you spend something") must be funded by taxing working Americans more and more ("you know how to pay for it").
Republicans in the House and Senate want to do what real families do: Quit spending until there is money available to buy more stuff. There is a reason Americans from every dimension - geography, income, age, and ethnicity - are paying down their credit cards and reducing their debt load.
There is no need for Republicans in the House or Senate to attack Obama. All they need to do is to point out why he still has no concept of the kitchen table issues facing American families.