In at least six states, the crucial issue in the November 2006 election might turn out to be whether or not voters must present photo identification. Because we have to show government-issued ID in order to board a plane, cash a check, enter a federal building, and for many trivial pursuits such as buying alcohol or renting a video, why not make it a requirement in order to verify that you are a legal voter?
Honest elections should not be a partisan issue. After all, the bipartisan commission headed by former President Jimmy Carter and former Secretary of State James Baker studied election reforms and issued a report in September 2005 recommending that voters be required to show photo ID.
The Arizona photo ID requirement was part of Proposition 200, a statewide referendum passed two years ago by 56 percent of voters. It requires voters to prove citizenship when registering to vote and to show a photo ID when they vote.
This law was upheld by a federal district judge in September, but on Oct. 5 the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals issued an injunction against Arizona's enforcing it. That decision was vacated Oct. 20 by the U.S. Supreme Court, so the Arizona photo ID law remains in effect for the 2006 election.
The Arizona case was brought by minority groups asserting they might be harmed by the law, but a unanimous Supreme Court recognized that others might be harmed by the absence of the law. In the words of the court, "Voter fraud drives honest citizens out of the democratic process and breeds distrust of our government. Voters who fear their legitimate votes will be outweighed by fraudulent ones will feel disenfranchised."
The high court recognized important voter interests on both sides of the case. Quoting an earlier decision, the Supreme Court stated, "The right of suffrage can be denied by a debasement or dilution of the weight of a citizen's vote just as effectively as by wholly prohibiting the free exercise of the franchise."
Proponents of the law say it is needed to prevent voter fraud, which is easy to commit because registration rolls contain thousands of names of people who are noncitizens, dead, moved away, or even nonexistent. U.S. Sen. Kit Bond, R-Mo., often showed a picture of a dog that was registered to vote in Missouri.
Opponents of photo ID laws claim they discourage the elderly, poor and minorities from voting because they don't always have IDs. The Arizona law answers that argument by providing that voters without photo ID may cast provisional ballots and then furnish proof of citizenship within the next five business days.
Phyllis Schlafly is a national leader of the pro-family movement, a nationally syndicated columnist and author of Feminist Fantasies.
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