Pat Buchanan

At this writing, there seem only two big questions left in the war on Iraq? Will Saddam's regime in its death throes resort to chemical weapons? How long will it take, and how much blood will it cost, to take Baghdad?

But after Baghdad falls, what next? Where does America go from here? In 1945, the answer was: The Americans are going home.

And come home we did. The 12 million under arms in 1945 had been almost all mustered out of the service by mid-1946. Then came the Moscow betrayal of the Yalta agreements, the Berlin Blockade, the coup in Czechoslovakia and the explosion of a Soviet atom bomb.

Then the Americans came back to Europe, and a third of a million headed for South Korea, following an invasion by a North Korean army and regime that did not even exist in August of 1945.

Here are but a few of the questions President Bush will have to decide soon after the Iraqi capital falls.

1. Who will rule Iraq? The Pentagon believes this is a job for the U.S. military, assisted by the Iraqi National Congress. Tony Blair and the NATO allies want to bring in the United Nations to play the lead role. Is the president prepared to go it alone?

2. Is Iraq the first, or last, war of the Bush Doctrine? Donald Rumsfeld is already threatening Syria for allowing supplies and Islamic warriors to enter Iraq. Pressing Bush to use his moment of maximum leverage to order Syria to pull its 35,000 troops out of Lebanon, and Iran to shut down its nuclear programs, will be the Israelis, the neoconservatives and the Pentagon. Opposing them will be Blair, Powell and the old national security team of Bush 1.

3. Can NATO be saved, and should it? Secretary Powell is no unilateralist. He is a believer in institutions, and has begun to entice NATO into taking a role in the occupation of Iraq -- to reduce the cost to America, minimize Arab hostility and repair the shattered alliance.

But many Americans believe France acted treacherously, and they will react viscerally to French or Germans doing any occupation duty in a country for whose liberation they were unwilling to fight and, indeed, actively opposed. Where does this leave the president, a man who does not easily forgive or forget?

4. What about the "road map"? Condoleeza Rice, speaking to the Israeli Lobby, informed them that the White House will publish the "road map" -- the controversial step-by-step plan for a Palestinian state by 2005 -- as agreed upon by the United States, United Nations, European Union and Russia.

Pat Buchanan

Pat Buchanan is a founding editor of The American Conservative magazine, and the author of many books including State of Emergency: The Third World Invasion and Conquest of America .
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