Commanded by Navy Lt. Cameron Chen, the 8th Engineer Support Battalion EOD comprises ten Marines and five sailors.
Like all EOD personnel, they trained at Eglin Air Force Base in Florida. Marines get seven months of instruction, with sailors an additional two to disable underwater devices.
Our first call came from a patrolling Recon team. EOD gets plenty of false alarms, but this was real. The duty EOD response team grabbed me and we quickly set off in a Humvee.
The enemy favors using artillery shells as IEDS, although anything can conceal a homemade bomb including even animal carcasses. Cars and trucks either used in suicide attacks or left by the side of the road are called vehicle-borne IEDs.
(VBIEDs.) In our case, a 130-millimeter shell packed with P4 plastic explosive had been buried just to the side of a major highway. Terrorists favor this location, since it's difficult to bury and conceal a bomb in asphalt.
Recon remained to protect us, while we arrived with our own security escort from military police. The IED they come to disarm is usually the least safety worry of EOD teams. Terrorists don't like these guys who remove their little "gifts," and use many means to stop them.
One of these is secondary IEDs, meant to kill you while you disarm the primary one. Another is ambushes enroute to or at the site. These may include attacks from groups or snipers, suicide VBIEDs, or a combination of the above. The day before I last talked to Chen he and his crew were caught in 30-minute firefight.
EOD does everything it can to reduce these risks, such as putting two Humvees into a V-shape and trying to stay inside the V as much as possible. (Photo-snapping reporters do wander, but eventually get yelled at. Ahem!)
The days of manually disarming bombs while wearing protective suits are mostly gone, thanks to a nifty tracked robot called the Talon. Directed by laptop computer, these agile fellows are about three feet long and stand about three feet high. They carry an array of cameras to provide good viewing angles, with grippers mounted out front to manipulate IED components.
Michael Fumento is a, journalist, and attorney specializing in science and health issues as well as author of BioEvolution: How Biotechnology is Changing Our World .
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