Sometimes off-year elections provide insight into national political trends and voters' views on issues. That was true in 2009, when the issues in the governor elections in New Jersey and Virginia were congruent with the issues facing Congress and the president.
In both states the Republicans campaigned for lower spending and taxes, in contrast to the Obama Democrats' policies. Heavily Democratic New Jersey voted narrowly for Republican Chris Christie, and in Virginia, the state voting closest to the national average in 2008 and 2012, Republican Bob McDonnell won a landslide victory.
This turned out to be a good predictor of 2010, when Republicans captured 63 seats and control of the House of Representatives, plus a bunch of governorships and some 600 state legislative seats.
Similarly, Democratic victories in those two states in 2005 turned out to be a good predictor of Democrats' big gains in 2006 and 2008.
The Republicans' good year in 2009 was not as good a predictor of 2012, when Barack Obama won re-election. But he had to fight for it, and he was the first Democratic president re-elected with a reduced percentage of the vote.
But sometimes off-year elections turn out to have little precedental value. That seems to be the case this year.
In New Jersey, Chris Christie seems headed to a landslide re-election victory -- the first in that state since Tom Kean won a second term in 1985. His lead in the realclearpolitics.com average of recent polls stands at 59 to 28 percent.
The tough-talking Christie was already strong before Hurricane Sandy hit last November. He managed to pass legislation cutting back on public employee unions by getting the support of Democratic legislators with backgrounds in private-sector unions.
But his performance during Sandy made him a rock star with New Jersey voters. A big Christie victory could make Christie a strong presidential candidate in 2016. But it won't say much about the standing of Republicans or Democrats nationally.
The situation is different in Virginia. Current polling shows a tie, with 40 percent for former Democratic National Committee Chairman Terry McAuliffe and 39 percent for Republican Attorney General Ken Cuccinelli.
Their stands on issues can be seen as roughly congruent with their national parties. But the election may hinge on other things. Each candidate has liabilities that make him arguably unelectable.
McAuliffe has had little involvement in Virginia state politics, except for a failed primary campaign for governor four years ago.