Representative Paul Ryan (Wisc.-1) and the House GOP released their ten-year budget entitled "The Path to Prosperity" [pdf] to much fanfare on Capitol Hill yesterday, laying out an alternative to President Obama's proposal. Compared to baseline numbers, the Path to Prosperity spends $5.8 trillion less, and $6.2 trillion less than the President's budget over the next ten years.
The largest spending cuts come from the discretionary budget, both defense ($830 billion) and non-defense ($1.6 trillion). Rep. Ryan's defense budget accepts the proposals laid out by defense Secretary Robert Gates and endorsed by President Obama, but cuts spending in every other category. The Path to Prosperity lays out radically different reform plans for both Medicare and Medicaid, and in the case of Medicaid finds significant savings ($771 billion).
One of the pillars of Rep. Ryan's reform plan is the complete repeal of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, known infamously as Obamacare. Obamacare's repeal saves the government over $1.4 trillion in spending between 2012 and 2022. While the Congressional Budget Office has consistently reported that Obamacare repeal would increase deficits, Rep. Ryan noted this. "We retain the Medicare savings [from Obamacare] and, instead of double-counting the Medicare savings... re-apply those savings to Medicare to advance its solvency."
One of the subtler items in the Path to Prosperity is the reform of budget process rules. The budget will impose mandatory reviews of mandatory spending programs along with statutory limits on discretionary spending that will be accompanied by automatic across-the-board cuts if those limits are violated.
There's a lot of detail to come in the Path to Prosperity, as legislative language has still not been released. For example, it's unclear on how the Ryan budget will achieve the aforementioned Medicare savings. Furthermore, there remain questions as to how some of the cuts (such as the $715 billion in non-healthcare mandatory spending) will be achieved. Some of the details were missing on tax reform, though the budget stays relatively close to the CBO's baseline revenue estimates. Addressing the lack of tax reform detail, Rep. Ryan said, "You will see a broader tax base with lower rates… and so we're going to go through a bunch of hearings to figure out how exactly and precisely to do all that. We don't raise taxes in this."