John Leo
From now on, anyone planning a college commencement will have to consider the Chris Hedges problem. Hedges is an anti-war activist and New York Times reporter who gave an unusually grating anti-war speech at the Rockford College commencement in Illinois.

Few speakers aggravate a crowd as quickly as Hedges did in his 18-minute speech. Some in the audience turned their backs on him. Others booed, screamed at Hedges or blew foghorns. A few rushed up the aisle to protest, and one new graduate threw his cap and gown onto the stage. Twice somebody in the audience pulled the plug on his microphone. The mike was replugged, but Hedges never finished the speech. The tumult was too great, and the college president told him to "wrap it up."

Booing is something I approve of. Pulling the plug was wrong. So was not letting Hedges finish. What is the lesson of this fiasco? Is it (a) that colleges should not impose controversial speakers on a captive audience? Or is it (b) that controversial speakers are fine, but there are rules -- they have to be graceful, non-incendiary, and remember that they are a minor act on a program about student success.

I vote for (b). If we want to avoid the conventional graduation day blather (climb every mountain, you are the future), it is best to invite a speaker who stands for something and carries the message that conviction is important. But Hedges violated all the civility rules of (b). He hectored the audience, almost bludgeoning the listeners with America-is-evil rhetoric. (To hear an audio track of the speech, go to the Internet site of the Rockford Register Star,

James Lileks, the Internet blogger (, nailed the civility issue perfectly. There's nothing wrong with an anti-war commencement speech, he wrote. "But such a speech needs to PERSUADE. It needs to draw the audience close, make eye contact. Crack a joke, wax colloquial, opine a bit, then bring it back to the grads."

Right. But Hedges never once mentioned the grads or the college, offered no jokes, no pleasantries. He just launched his talk by saying, "I want to speak to you today about war and empire." Instead of trying to persuade, he issued thunderous pronouncements: America is a violent international pariah; the real war of liberation in Iraq is an attempt by Iraqis to liberate themselves from U.S. occupation. America's defeat in Vietnam, he thought, was a positive event, because it gave us a chance to ask questions about our behavior and become a better nation.

John Leo

John Leo is editor of and a former contributing editor at U.S. News and World Report.

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