Joel Mowbray

It was no coincidence that all but one of the 15 were Saudis.  (The other was Emerati.)  The General Accounting Office found in an October 2002 report that the red carpet shown them was par for the Saudi course: 99% of Saudi nationals applying for visas before 9/11 were approved.  Egyptian nationals, by comparison, were refused 38% of the time.

This open door was provided despite abundant evidence of pre-9/11 Qaeda activity in Saudi Arabia.  With 15 of the hijackers hailing from the Kingdom, such evidence is now sadly tangible.  Continual Qaeda bombings there only reinforce proof that the terrorist outfit is alive and well in Saudi Arabia.  Yet the State Department?s approach to Saudi visas has changed only marginally.

Although State no longer makes public visa issuance and refusal statistics, department sources reveal that nearly 90% of Saudi nationals applying for visas are approved.  State?s representatives have defended this figure by arguing that since applications are down by over half, those who are applying are of a higher quality.  The same reasoning, then, should apply elsewhere, yet refusal rates for most other Arab nations are three to five times higher.

State Department officials constantly boast that they have doubled the number of names on the watch list and stepped up efforts to identify potential extremists who should be denied visas.  That?s good, but it?s not enough?especially when al Qaeda has a penchant for recruiting so-called ?lily whites,? operatives with no known terrorist ties.

Enforcing 214(b) in Saudi Arabia as is done elsewhere, though, might be a blow to diplomacy.  Therein lies the basic problem: State?s core mission is to maintain good relations with foreign leaders, which is inherently in conflict with visa policy?s vital law enforcement function.

A recent GAO report on visas revoked post-9/11 on terrorism concerns found, ?[D]elays occurred in Consular Affairs? decisions to revoke visas after receiving a recommendation to do so.?  In three of the six cases GAO was able to review, Consular Affairs dragged its feet, including one instance where ?State officials deliberated for more than 6 months before deciding to revoke the individual?s visa.?

Congress has already recognized this fundamental problem, though it stopped short of proposals to strip the visa function from State.  The compromise, enacted in summer 2002, was to require the Department of Homeland Security to deploy agents to one country: Saudi Arabia.  But this has not proven sufficient.  Congress needs to prod DHS to make Saudi visa procedures a priority?and perhaps the best way to force the issue is to place (at least) Saudi visas entirely in DHS?s purview. 

Though only time would tell how effectively it would handle such responsibilities, DHS can scuttle politeness and act with a singular mission: keeping America safe.

Joel Mowbray

Joel Mowbray, who got his start with, is an award-winning investigative journalist, nationally-syndicated columnist and author of Dangerous Diplomacy: How the State Department Threatens America's Security.

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