Jeff Jacoby

Rick Santorum last week accused Romney of not telling the truth when he claimed "that somehow or other he was not for mandates on a federal level." Romney's spokeswoman fired back, accusing Santorum of "exaggerations and falsehoods," and avowing that her boss never backed a federal individual mandate. The Democratic National Committee weighed in with an ad mocking Romney as being "against individual mandates -- except when he's for them." Glenn Kessler cried foul in The Washington Post, noting that Romney has often expressed support for a state-by-state approach to health insurance. Nonsense, replied Reason magazine's Peter Suderman. "If you look at [Romney's] record, it's hard to conclude that he did not support copying the Massachusetts plan at the federal level, including the mandate."

What's really going on here, it seems to me, is not disagreement over what Romney has said, but a quarrel over what he believes. No one disputes that he has praised RomneyCare's individual mandate, extolled it as "conservative," and pronounced it a success lawmakers elsewhere should emulate. Nor is there any doubt that he has repeatedly invoked the value of state-by-state reforms. Romney often draws a distinction between a state-level mandate like the one imposed in Massachusetts and the unconstitutional mandate imposed nationally by ObamaCare.

But the problem has never been that Romney yearns to force a Massachusetts-style insurance mandate on the nation. It's whether he still thinks such mandates are a good idea. "When it's all said and done," he told Tim Russert in December 2007, "after all these states that are the laboratories of democracy … try their own plans, those who follow the path that we pursued will find it's the best path, and we'll end up with a nation that's taken a mandate approach." Romney has never disavowed that attitude. And for many liberty-minded GOP voters, that's not a minor issue.

RomneyCare grows steadily more onerous -- the annual penalty for not buying health insurance in Massachusetts now runs as high as $1,260. ObamaCare remains far from popular. Naturally Romney now prefers to emphasize the part of his health-care plan that would let states decide these issues for themselves. And to be sure, a president who respected federalism would be an improvement.

But far better would be a president who understood that it is not government's job at any level to coax or compel everyone to get medical insurance. Better yet would be a president who resisted, instead of encouraging, our overreliance on insurance to pay for routine health care. Romney salutes free-market principles, yet he continues to hail RomneyCare as a success. The two positions are incompatible. So long as Romney lays claim to both, the wrangling over what he really believes will never end.

Jeff Jacoby

Jeff Jacoby is an Op-Ed writer for the Boston Globe, a radio political commentator, and a contributing columnist for